Latvijas Sarkanais Krusts


LRC Fundamental Principles
At the 20th International Conference in NeueHofburg, Vienna, from 2nd till 9th October 1965 "proclaimed" seven fundamental principles which are shared by all components of the Movement, and they wer eadded to the official statutes of the Movement in 1986. The durability and universal acceptance is a result of the process through which they came into being in the form they have. Rather thanan effort to arrive at agreement, it was an attempt to answer the question of what did they have in common, over the past 100 years, those operations and organisational units that were successful? As a result, the Fundamental Principles of the Red Cross and Red Crescent were not revealed, but found - through a deliberate and participative process of discovery.

That makes it even more important to note that the text that appears under each "heading" is an integral part of the Principle inquestion and not an interpretation that can vary with time and place.


Humanity - The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, born of a desire to bring assistance without discrimination to the wounded on the battlefield, endeavours, inits international and national capacity, to prevent and alleviate human suffering wherever it may be found. Its purposeis to protect life and healt hand to ensure respect for the human being. It promotes mutual understanding, friendship, cooperation and lasting peace amongst all peoples.

Impartiality - It makes no discriminationas to nationality, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions. It endeavours to relieve the suffering of individuals, being guided solely by their needs, and to give priority to them osturgent cases of distress.

Neutrality - Inorder to continue to enjoy the confidence of all, the Movement may not take sides in hostilities or engage at anytime in controversies of a political, racial, religious or ideological nature.

Independence - The Movement is independent. The National Societies, while auxiliaries in the humanitarian services of their governments and subject to the laws of their respective countries, must always maintain their autonomy so that they may be able at all times to act in accordance with the principles of the Movement.

Voluntary Service - It is a voluntary relief movement not prompted in any manner by desire for gain.

Unity - There can beonly one Red Crossorone Red Crescent Society in any one country. It must be open to all. It must carry on its humanitarian work through out its territory.

Universality - The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, in which all Societies have equal status and share equal responsibilities and duties in helping eachother, is worldwide.